7 Laws of Security

7 Laws of Security

In this article, we will be looking at the laws of security. Laws are made to serve as a guide, there is a saying that “when is no law, there is no sin”.

There are laws, ethics and code of conduct guiding every profession; one could say that we won’t have professionals if they weren’t laid down rules or law guiding the way they carry out their jobs.

Sheriff Deputies Securities Limited continues to be the preferred guarding service provider in Nigeria because we have kept to these laws.

The security of lives and properties is non-negotiable, just as we have experience with the lockdown due to the coronavirus pandemic. Security guards can still be seen guarding locations where they have been posted to ensure that those places remain secured.


7 Laws of Security

Below are some laws that have made the job of a security guard most essential in the workplace and home.

  1. The Law of Vigilance

Vigilance is an awareness of danger. A security guard must always be on the alert to detect, deter, and deny criminal activities.

Lack of vigilance on the part of the security guards on duty only opens the doors wide open for criminal activities to take place.

The essence of employing a security guard is the keep properties and lives save, if a security guard is not vigilant, so, what is the essence of having them in the first place!


  1. The Law of Physical Fitness

 Like an athlete, the physical fitness of a security guard will tell whether he or she will do well at his or her post.

A security guard must be physically fit to respond with agility in the face of danger, threats and criminal attacks.

Imagine an overweight or someone suffering from obesity guarding your property? The result can be disastrous because such an individual will lose a criminal during a pursuit.

An unfit security guard is slow to respond to a distress call, thereby giving criminals enough time to carry out their nefarious acts.


3.) The Law of Confidentiality

Confidentiality is the state of keeping or being kept secret or private. A security guard must be careful not to speak about anything that should be secret or confidential.

Security guards are privileged to critical information about their bosses, for instance, the time their bosses leave home for the office and also keep the contact information of different kind of people.

If for some reasons confidential information gets to the hands of an enemy or persons with criminal intention, they can use this information for their personal interest.

At Sheriff Deputies, we keep your worst secrets! Agreements on confidentiality are signed by recruits. If anyone is found to have violated this is duly prosecuted, so far, we have not had a reason to arrest a security guard for sharing confidential information with the public.


4.) The Law of Interrogation

A quick question, if you were to be a security guard, when you see a suspected person, how would you question him or her to confirm your suspicion?

A security guard must know how to ask the right questions to assess guests and gather intelligence.

Not every new face you see at your gate is there to rob you of your procession.

With the right question, the security guard is able to identify and prevent criminals from gaining entry to places where they are guarding.


5.) The Law of Discipline

Discipline is keeping to the laid down conduct or rule of a profession. Amongst all the aforementioned law, if a security guard is not disciplined enough to uphold the laid down rules, such as a person will fail in their duty as guards.

A security guard must always maintain professional conduct while on duty.

Read also: 6 Uncommon Behaviours of Professional Private Security Guards


6.) The Law of Protocol

Protocol in security guarding service is essential. A security guard must always follow laid down security policies and procedures.

Protocol duties are different for organisations, in banks, for instance, customers do not sign in or sign out when leaving the bank premises, whereas other companies have a logbook at the security post for visitors to register their presence.

These protocol duties are more of a routine for private security guards, but for guest or visitor at locations where security guards are deployed, they could see it as a waste of time.

Thankfully, the protocol duties have help to prevent criminals from getting away with crimes they have committed.


7.) The Law of Responsibility

A security guard must take the protection of the lives and properties of the client as the main priority.

The job of a security guard is not one that is done to while away time; there is so much work and discipline involved.

Security guards are motivated when they are able to understand the consequences of a security breach. Hence, professional security guards remain at their post as if they own the property they are guarding.



If you desire to get the best from your security guard, make sure that they have an understanding of these laws before engaging them.

However, it might be difficult to tell whether a person possesses the skills to keep to these laws, we always recommend you contact reputable private security guarding company.

We have more than 4,000 trained personnel deployed in Abuja, Lagos and Portharcourt Nigeria.

Contact us today for a free security risk assessment.

Please use the feedback section below to share your thoughts on the activities of private security guards around you; we would like to hear from you!